Structural industrial change is the driving force behind chemical and industrial parks in Germany and Europe as a whole. But ChemDelta Bavaria is much more than this. As an integrated chemical region on multiple sites, it utilizes the economic and ecological advantages of production-intensive companies via a high-performance transport network. Pipelines, roads and railroads secure the region’s economic strength, enabling us to fulfill customers’ “just-in-time” delivery deadlines and ship the 8.5 million tons of goods that pass through the gates of the chemical plants each year.
The region’s companies have invested over €4 billion in new production plants and site infrastructure in the last years. As a result, production capacities will also increase along with the quantity of goods produced. Companies are responsible for their own internal site structures. However, the task of improving road and rail networks to cope with increased demand is the responsibility of the German rail operator and federal government.
The sheer volume of rail traffic makes it vital to develop a suitable rail connection to the Bavarian Chemical Triangle – not just for the benefit of resident’s and neighbors. This includes electrification of lines that would enable the use of more environmentally compatible locomotives. Secondly, and more importantly, it involves upgrading the line to two tracks to enable it to support massively increased transport volumes. After all, this section of the line is also part of the “TEN 17” European project between Paris and Bratislava.
Even if industry primarily transports goods via rail, a state-of-the-art highway connection is essential. The entire region’s economic growth and jobs depend on a high-performance transportation network. For this reason alone, rapid completion of the A 94 highway is an urgent necessity. As an important east/west European axis, it will at last be able to provide an alternative to the fully overloaded B12 state highway and meet the needs of national and international traffic flows. Thus, a direct highway connection will result toward Linz and Vienna in neighboring Austria. Just as important is a North-South highway connection.
The region requires a road and rail network that can cope with the traffic volumes of the future to secure industrial viability and consequently jobs for people in the region.
Thanks to responsible use and energy recycling, industry has already been able to significantly reduce consumption. Nevertheless, the companies in the region still consume energy on the scale of a million-plus city such as Munich. Reasonably priced energy is therefore just as important for industry in ChemDelta Bavaria as efficient transport links. Some companies have an environmentally compatible and cost-efficient source of electrical power in the form of their own hydroelectric plants. Moreover, the chemical sites use self-generated energy from ultra-modern gas and steam turbine power plants that run according to the principle of combined-cycle.
Crude oil for the production facilities of the OMV Deutschland petrochemical plant is conveyed by the Transalpine pipeline (TAL) from Trieste, Italy, to Steinhöring, where a separate underground pipeline supplies it to Burghausen. Likewise, mineral oil products are brought by pipeline to the Munich region (including Munich airport).
From 2012, the Ethylene Pipeline South (EPS) in Southern Germany has opened access to the north-west European ethylene network – as the hub of a pan-European pipeline system.
One of the chemical companies’ main advantages in the region is their sophisticated integrated supply system. Integrated materials, energy and feedstock systems are operated both within the production sites and between them so as to minimize the impact on humans and the environment:
- The Chemical Park GENDORF, OMV Deutschland, Borealis and WACKER are interlinked via ethylene and nitrogen pipelines.
- Vinnolit GENDORF supplies Vinnolit Burghausen with vinyl chloride.
- Linde AG supplies hydrogen to OMV Deutschland, Borealis and WACKER.
- The AlzChem sites in Hart, Schalchen and Trostberg operate a carbon monoxide integrated system.
- Within the Burghausen site, WACKER merges waste-gas flows from production operations and thermally processes them to recycle energy and hydrogen chloride – an important raw material for the production of silicones and hyperpure silicon. Waste heat from production operations serves to generate steam that is needed in other plants for distillation purposes or for drying products.
These integrated systems help make optimum use of raw materials and energy sources. In this way, they conserve resources and lower emissions to the environment – as an efficiency-optimized eco-industrial park.
The chemical companies of the ChemDelta Bavaria even take their networking activities a step further. They work closely with people of the entire region, as the following examples show:
- WACKER treats sewage from the city of Burghausen and the neighboring Austrian community of Hochburg-Ach.
- New buildings of the Burghausen sport park are supplied with district heat.
- Chemical Park GENDORF draws steam from Burgkirchen’s municipal refuse-fired combined heat and power plant and, since 1999, has been cleaning up landfill leachate from three districts in its leachate treatment plant.
- The open-air swimming pool in Garching is heated by waste heat from the Hart site’s carbide furnaces.
Furthermore, the plants are integrated into the region’s social life. As good corporate citizens, they sponsor cultural events, sports and social facilities and so contribute to maintaining and improving the quality of life.